Have you missed your period? Wondering if it is a sign of pregnancy or not? Such questions are common for most women who have missed their period. Menstrual cycle in a woman’s life hold a special place, as its timely appearance signifies that her hormones are balanced and the reproductive system is functioning properly.
Understandably, when period doesn’t appear on time it becomes a cause of concern for many women. A missed period can be linked to several concerning factors-it may be a sign of hormonal imbalance, or it may also mean that you have been under a lot of stress lately. Some dietary changes, medications or weight fluctuations may also affect the menstrual cycle. Menopause or menarche can also be the cause of irregular periods. Sometimes, a simple mistake in the calculation of the date can cause you to think that your period is missed or delayed.
10 Common Pregnancy Symptoms After Missed Period:
A missed period may also mean that you are pregnant! For those who are planning to conceive or even those who don’t want to conceive; the sign of a missed period can be equally anxious. These women would be eager to know the reason behind the missed period and whether it’s time to book an appointment with the gynaecologist.
If that sounds like you, here are a few pointers that may help you calm down and understand more about the situation. You may have conceived if you missed your period and have some or all of these symptoms.
[ Read: Pregnancy Symptoms Before Missed Period ]
1. Tender Breasts and Tender/Sore Nipples:
Unusually tender breasts and nipples signify that the stork may be visiting you soon. Some women find their nipples protruding more than usual during pregnancy. Their areolas too, appear darker and spotted. The tenderness of the breast during pregnancy occurs mainly due to changes in the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is one of the most obvious and noticeable early signs of pregnancy after missed period.
2. Nausea and Other Digestive Problems:
Nausea is one of the most common symptoms of pregnancy. An estimated 80% of women experience nausea or morning sickness during their first trimester! Don’t worry though- the feeling of nausea stops in the second trimester for most of the women. If you feel nausea or an urge to puke at the most unexpected time, you may want to investigate it further.
These uncomfortable feelings during pregnancy usually occur as a result of the changes in hormones and abdominal structure. An increased sense of smell escalates the feeling of nausea. Expectant mothers also experience digestive issues like constipation or gas in the initial stages, and for some others, these issues continue throughout pregnancy.
Experience bloating, even with your regular water intake, can be a sign of pregnancy. Suddenly you feel your clothes are getting tighter in early pregnancy stages itself! Bloating is believed to occur due to the increased levels of the hormone progesterone. Some women even experience mild cramps and backache. Though all of these symptoms can occur in pre menstruation too, they usually point out to a successful pregnancy.
4. Mood Swings and Irritability:
Mood swings is one of the common signs of pregnancy after missed period due to the hormonal changes. If you find yourself getting emotional at the drop of the hat, then it may be a sign that you’re pregnant. Thankfully, you’re not alone- a lot of women experience mood swings during pregnancy. Once again we have our old friends- the hormones estrogen and progesterone to blame! Other factors like fatigue and metabolism changes may heighten the mood swings.
5. Changes in Food, Flavor and Smell Preferences:
Believe it or not, but lot of women stop liking their favorite food during pregnancy and it may happen to you too! A lot of women can’t even stand the smell of their favorite food preparations! Obviously, if you suddenly find yourself pushing away your favorite food or craving for something unusual or something that you never liked before then you may have conceived.
6. Spotting in Some Cases:
Few women report spotting, little bleeding or discharge in the initial stage of pregnancy. Though the exact reason for it is not known it is believed that spotting may occur when your fertilized egg gets implanted in your uterus, resulting in active pregnancy hence missing period. Spotting or light bleeding could also mean that your menstrual cycle has not completely silenced yet, though it should. Sometimes an infection or an intercourse too can cause spotting.
7. Fatigue and Tiredness:
If you have been feeling unusually tired without doing any physical work and tend to get fatigued easily, pregnancy may be the reason. Our usual suspect- progesterone may have been causing all the tiredness along with the mood swings. The feeling of nausea and vomiting further depletes energy levels in early pregnancy. At the same time, the body is now working on creating placenta- the vital life support system for the fetus, which diverts energy and leaves you feeling fatigued.
[ Read: Tiredness During Pregnancy ]
You ate well, you slept well and yet you feel dizzy without an obvious reason- if that sounds like you, you may be pregnant. In the early stages of pregnancy, your blood circulation system is making a lot of effort, but your body is yet not producing the required amount of blood, which causes your blood pressure levels to go down. The result-light headedness and unsteadiness aka dizziness!
9. Increased Urination:
Are you visiting the bathroom more often than usual? It may be an indication of an active pregnancy. In the early stage of pregnancy, the uterus is growing bigger, which results in an increased pressure on the bladder, which means more bathroom visits for you!
The increased level of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) too is at blame for this pregnancy symptom. The hCG causes increased blood flow to your pelvic area, resulting in increased urination.
10. Positive Home Pregnancy Test:
When you see that fateful pink line on your test kit, you have a very strong reason to believe that you have conceived. This is a very popular method to check the pregnancy at home. This test checks the level of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin, popularly known as pregnancy hormone or hCG, in your body. If the hCG level is high, then it strongly indicates the existence of an early pregnancy.